Guatemala is a representative democracy country located in Central America bordered by Mexicot, the Pacific Ocean, Belize, the Caribbean, Honduras and El Salvador. The capital city of Guatemala is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción.
People: Guatemala has the most population in Central America with more than 15.8 millions people. The population growth in Guatemala is very high. In the early 20th century, there were only 885,000 there. With only 885,000 in 1900, this constitutes the fastest population growth in the Western Hemisphere during the 20th century
Climate: Guatemala is located in the tropics. The northern and eastern coastal plain area is in a tropical climate while the southern mountainous area is in subtropical climate. There are only wet and dry seasons. May to October for the wet season, from November to April for the dry season. The narrow, fertile flat area neat Guatemala's Pacific Ocean is in a tropical climate. The central plateau is also the cultural center of Guatemala, where temperatures go between 18°C and 28 °C for the altitude ranging from 1300 to 1800 meters high. It is often colder in January and February. The annual precipitation in the northeast part is 2000-3000 millimeters, and in the south part is 500-1000 millimeters.
Language: Guatemala's sole official language is Spanish, spoken by 93 percent of the population as either the first or second language.
Economy: Guatemala is the largest economy in Central America, with a GDP (PPP) per capita of US$5,200.
Capital: Quetzal (GTQ)
How to get there: La Aurora International Airport (GUA) is the main airport in Guatemala City. International flights arrive mostly from other Central American countries and North America.